Postpartum depression (PPD) is one of the few mental disorders, broadly held to be associated with post-natal blues. Many a number of psychologists believe that postpartum depression differs from other types of depression only in the timing of depressive episodes. To put it in words of one syllable, it is triggered within four weeks of childbirth and is characterized by any major or minor depressive episode, for that matter. Various factors contribute to this bio-psycho-social phenomenon. Apart from this, many psychologists are of the opinion that unlike other mental disorders, PPD is not something which is inherent from childbirth. Rather, it is something which grows out of underlining condition.
Symptoms of this concern include but are not limited to anxiety, sadness, and loss of sleep, among others. Further, these symptoms close in on a person after delivery of a child and trail away in 10 to 12 days after the birth. It is the case that a mother needs assistance with household chores and baby care as she deals with general debility, following the childbirth. In many instances, it has been observed that more than 20% women, confronting this mental concern, are at the risk of bearing the lasting effect of depression. As a result, consultation of a psychologist should be thought if these symptoms extend beyond two weeks.
The exact cause of this condition is still unknown among medical professionals. However, some doctors are of a view that the body undergoes a number of hormonal changes in the wake of childbirth, which trigger postpartum depression. Estrogen and progesterone tend to increase tenfold during pregnancy.
Corresponding to it, a sharp drop-off in these hormones, in addition to endorphin and corticotrophin-releasing hormones, is witnessed after the childbirth. These hormonal changes may contribute to the development of this mental disorder The condition may also aggravate as a result of energy-sapping neo-natal days and stress faced by a woman, in the initial days of childbirth
Factors Contributing to Gravity of it
Generally, it is the case that women with a history of mental disorders are more prone to fall victim to postpartum depression. Further, there are certain factors, concurring to occurrence of it:
- Deprivation of a loved one because of their death
- Differences or conflicts with your partner
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Unwanted pregnancy
- A complicated pregnancy
- Series of depressive episodes during pregnancy
- A history of moderate to severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
- Severe anxiety during pre-natal and ante-natal phases of pregnancy